Indian Railways

Indian Railway and Indian Railway Logo

About Indian Railways (भारतीय रेलवे)

Indian Railways is simply abbreviated as “IR”. It is the National Railway System of Government of India operated by Ministry of Railways and also one of the 04th largest Railway System by the size in the world. The total track is 121,407 KM or 75,439 Miles of 67,368 KM or 41,861 total track. Around 13,000 Passenger Trains from 7,349 railway stations will run on the daily basis on the routes of the following Sub Urban and Long Distance.

Indian Railways
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History of Indian Railways ( इंडियन रेल्वे)

According to Indian Railway Wiki, in 1832 the 01st proposal of railways for India had made in the city of Madras (Chennai) of Tamil Nadu State. The “Red Hill Railway” is the 01st train of India started from Red Hills to the Chintadripet Bridge located in the city of Madras (Chennai) in the year 1837 and it was constructed by Arthur Cotton. In order to supply the stone for the building of a dam over one of the Rivers of India, Godavari River the Godavari Dam Construction Railway was constructed by Cotton at Dowleshwaram in the district of Rajahmundry, AP State in 1845.

On 16th Apr of 1853, the first railway line in India is hauled by 03 stream locomotives of the following Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan. With 400 people It ran for 34 KM or 21 Miles in 14 carriages on the broad gauge track of 1676 MM or 05 feet 06 inches between the areas of Bori Bunder located in Mumbai, Maharashtra State, and Thane.

Indian Railway
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Ministry of IR

The Ministry of IR is one of the Government Ministries of India which is responsible for transportation of railways in India.

first electric train in india

IR Zones (Indian Railways zones) & its Divisions

Indian Railway Zones (भारतीय रेलवे ज़ोन) has divided into 17 Zones and the General Manager of Indian Railways will report to the Board of Railways regarding the rail transportation zones. These zones are again divided into 73 divisions and having a divisional headquarters.

भारतीय रेलवे
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The following are the Indian Railway Zones:

Indian Railway Zones

IR Codes

IR Zones Headquarters

No. of Train Stations

Indian Railway Divisions

Northern Railway Zone
NR Delhi 1142 Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow NR, Moradabad
North Eastern Railway Zone
NER Gorakhpur 537 Izzatnagar, Lucknow NER, Varanasi
Northeast Frontier Railway Zone
NFR Guwahati 690 Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangiya, Lumding, Tinsukia
Eastern Railway Zone
ER Kolkata 576 Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda
South Eastern Railway Zone
SER Kolkata 353 Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi
South Central Railway Zone
SCR Secunderabad 883 Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Guntakal, Guntur, Nanded
Southern Railway Zone
SR Chennai 890 Chennai, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Palakkad, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram
Central Railway Zone
CR Mumbai 612 Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur
Western Railway Zone
WR Mumbai 1046 Mumbai WR, Ratlam, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Vadodara
South Western Railway Zone
SWR Hubballi 456 Hubballi, Bengaluru, Mysuru
North Western Railway Zone
NWR Jaipur 663 Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur
West Central Railway Zone
WCR Jabalpur 372 Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
North Central Railway Zone
NCR Allahabad 435 Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi
South East Central Railway Zone
SECR Bilaspur 358 Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur SEC
East Coast Railway Zone
ECoR Bhubaneswar 342 Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Waltair
East Central Railway Zone
ECR Hajipur 800 Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai, Samastipur, Sonpur

Types of  Railways in India

The इंडियन रेल्वे has the number of train types which are sorted according to their categories based on the following digits, speed etc.

Basically 2 types of Trains:

  1. Firstly, Passenger Trains
  2. Secondly, Freight Trains or Goods Trains

The above Trains in India Types can explain briefly in the following:

Passenger Trains

भारतीय रेल टाइम टेबल
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The following Trains are Passenger carrying trains:

The following are the Indian Railway high speed & budget Trains:

Tejas Express
Gatimaan Express
Shatabdi Express
Rajdhani Express
Duronto Express
Humsafar Express
AC Express
Double Decker Express
Uday Express
Garib Rath
Yuva Express
Jan Shatabdi Express
Sampark Kranti Express
Kavi Guru Express
Vivek Express
Rajya Rani Express
Mahamana Express
Intercity Express
Antodaya Express
Jan Sadharan Express
Premium Express
Superfast Express
Fast Passenger and Passenger
Suburban Trains
Metro Trains
Luxury Trains
Mountain Railways

The Following are the Trains categorized based on Speed:

  1. Firstly, Passenger Train
  2. Secondly, Fast Passenger
  3. Thirdly, DEMU
  4. MEMU
  5. Express
  6. Mail Express
  7. Super Fast Express
  8. Hill Trains or Toy Trains
  9. Lastly, Luxury Trains

Freight Trains or Goods Trains – To carry Goods

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The following Trains are Freight / Goods Carrying Trains:

  1. Milk
  2. Petroleum Products
  3. Coal, Iron & other Minerals
  4. Wheat, Rice & other Grains
  5. Vehicle Transportation
  6. War equipment & Army


FOIS stands for “Freight Operations Information System” is the MIS (Management Information System) of Indian Railway. This system is used in the Freight businesses.

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Indian Railways Types of Locomotives (भारतीय रेलवे लोकोमोटिव)

The Locomotive is also known as Engine or Loco. IR initially operates 02 locomotives of the following Diesel Locomotive and Electric Locomotive. On a few Heritage Sites, the Stream Locomotives are operated and also runs rarely known as “Heritage Trains”.

The following are the Locomotives of IR:

  • Firstly, Steam Locomotive
  • Secondly, Diesel Locomotive
  • Thirdly, DC Electric Locomotive
  • AC Electric Locomotive
  • Lastly, Dual Locomotive (AC & DC)

The above Indian Railway Locomotives can explain briefly in the following:

Steam Locomotive

भारतीय रेलवे मुख्यालय
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The following are the Stream Engines:

  • Firstly, Bengal Nagpur Railway
  • Secondly, Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
  • Thirdly, East Indian Railway Company
  • Great India Peninsula Railway
  • Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway
  • Nizams Guaranteed State Railway
  • Lastly, Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway

Diesel Locomotive

भारतीय रेलवे लोकोमोटिव
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The following are the Diesel Engines:

  • Firstly, Broad Guage Diesel
  • Secondly, Mixed Locomotives
  • Thirdly, Passenger Locomotives
  • Goods Locomotives
  • Shunting Locomotives

The above Diesel Engines can explain briefly in the following:

Broad Guage Diesel

first electric train in india
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The following are the Broad Guage Diesel Engines:

  • Wide Diesel Mixed (WDM)
  • WDP (Wide Diesel Passenger)
  • WDG (Wide Diesel Goods)
  • WDS (Wide Diesel Shunter)
  • WCDS (Wide Converted Diesel Shunter)

Mixed Locomotives

भारतीय रेल पास नियम
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The following are the Mixed Locomotives:

WDM 1             WDM 2             WDM 2A             WDM 2G             WDM 3             WDM 3A             WDM 3A R

WDM 3B          WDM 3C           WDM 3E              WDM 3F             WDM 4             WDM 6             WDM 7

Passenger Locomotives

The following are the Passenger Engines:

WDP 1             WDP 2             WDP 3             WDP 4             WDP 4B             WDP 4D

Goods Locomotives

The following are the Goods Engines:

WDG 2             WDG 3B, -3C and -3D             WDG 4             WDG 4G             WDG 5

भारतीय रेल किराया सूची
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Shunting Locomotives

The following are the Shunting Engines:

WDS 1             WDS 2             WDS 3             WDS-4, -4A, -4B and -4D             WDS-4C

WDS-5             WDS-6             WDS-6R             WDS-8

DC Electric Locomotives

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The following are the DC Electric Engines:

  • Mixed Locomotives
  • Passenger Locomotives
  • Goods Locomotives

The above DC Electric Locomotives can explain briefly in the following:

Mixed Locomotives

The following are the Mixed Locomotives:

WCM 1            WCM 2             WCM 3             WCM 4             WCM 5             WCM 6

Passenger Locomotives

The following are the Passenger Locomotives:

  • WCP 1, WCP 2             WCP 3, WCP 4

Goods Locomotives

The following are the Goods Locomotives:

  • WCG 1
  • WCG 2

AC Electric Locomotive
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The following are the AC Electric Engines:

  • Firstly, Mixed Locomotives
  • Secondly, Passenger Locomotives
  • Thirdly, Goods Locomotives

The above AC Electric Locomotives can explain briefly in the following:

Mixed Locomotives

The following are the Mixed Locomotives:

  • WAM-1
  • WAM-2
  • WAM-3
  • WAM-4

Passenger Locomotives

The following are the Passenger Locomotives

  • Firstly, WAP-1
  • Secondly, WAP-2
  • Thirdly, WAP-3
  • WAP-4
  • WAP-5
  • WAP-6
  • Lastly, WAP-7

Goods Locomotives

The following are the Goods Locomotives:

  1. Firstly, WAG-1
  2. Secondly, WAG-2
  3. Thirdly, WAG-3
  4. WAG-4
  5. WAG-5
  6. WAG-5A
  7. WAG-6A
  8. WAG-6B
  9. WAG-7
  10. WAG-7H
  11. WAG 8
  12. WAG-9
  13. WAG-9H
  14. Lastly, WAG-12 Prima

Dual Locomotive (AC & DC)

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The following are the Dual Locomotive (AC & DC):

  • Firstly, WCAM 1
  • Secondly, WCAM 2/2P
  • Thirdly, WCAM 3


IRCTC stands for “Indian Railway Catering and Tourism and Corporation” is a subsidiary of Indian Railway. It provides the information about the following IRCTC Train Enquiry, railway reservation, train timings etc. “Lifeline of the Nation” is the tagline of IRCTC NGET

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IRCTS Services

The following are the Services of IRCTC:

  • Firstly, the Tatkal Scheme
  • Secondly, Catering
  • Thirdly, Tourism
  • Air Ticketing
  • Lastly, Train Schedule


Indian Railways Train Reservation coach types (reservation Types)

The Indian Railway offers different railway classes on their coaches. These coaches have different seating arrangements depending upon their railway class

The following are the IR Reservation Types:

AC First Class 1A
AC 02 Tier 2A
First Class FC
AC 03 Tier 3A
AC 03 Tier (Economy) 3E
Executive Chair Car EC
AC Chair Car CC
Sleeper Class SL
Second Seater 2S
Unreserved/General UR/GEN


The above IR Coaches will consist of berths and them of the following:

Lower Berth LB
Middle Berth MB
Upper Berth UB
Side Lower Berth SLB
Side Middle Berth SMB
Side Upper Berth SUB

Indian Railways Passenger services

The following are the IR Passenger Services:

  • Firstly, E-Ticketing
  • Secondly, PNR Status
  • Thirdly, Train Arrival/Departure
  • E-Catering
  • Retiring Room
  • Indian Railway Timetable
  • Station Categories
  • Lastly, Travel Classes


IREPS stands for “Indian Railways E-Procurement System” is the process of procuring Works, Materials Sale, Assets Leasing, Goods and Services through the process of Reverse Auction or E-Auction, E-Tendering.

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Indian Railways Museums – Heritage Trains

The Indian Railway Museums are the destinations of the railway system which consists of ancient locomotives or engines, designs, etc. Explore the rich heritage trains in the following:

  • Firstly, Rail Museum (NRM), New Delhi
  • Secondly, Railway Museum, Mysuru
  • Regional Railway Museum, Chennai,
  • Railway Heritage Centre, Tiruchirappalli
  • Lastly, Joshi’s Museum of Miniature Railway
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Indian Railways Departments (भारतीय रेलवे मुख्यालय)

The इंडियन रेल्वे divisions have about 1000 Kilometers or 620 Miles length of an average track along with the strength of staff is about 15,000 members. These all are maintained by the इंडियन रेल्वे departments in all the sectors.

The following are the departments of Indian Railway

  • Firstly, the Engineering Department
  • Secondly, Mechanical Engineering and Power (Transportation) Department
  • Thirdly, the Electrical Engineering Department
  • Signals and Telecommunications Engineering Department
  • Operating and Traffic Department
  • Commercial Department
  • Medical Department
  • Safety Department
  • Stores Department
  • Accounts Department
  • Personnel Department
  • Lastly, the Security Department

Indian Railways Careers – RRB Recruitment

The Indian Railway provides the facility of giving employment for the unemployees with the RRB (Railway Recruitment Board). One can apply for RRB Online for the RRB Recruitment of Indian Railway in order to recruit in RRB.

The following are the RRB’s Centres of main Cities:

Ahmedabad RRB
Ajmer RRB
Allahabad RRB
Bangalore RRB
Bhopal RRB
Bhubaneshwar RRB
Bilaspur RRB
Chandigarh RRB
Chennai RRB
Gorakhpur RRB
Guwahati RRB
Jammu RRB
Kolkata RRB
Malda RRB
Mumbai RRB
Muzaffarpur RRB
Patna RRB
Ranchi RRB
Secunderabad RRB
Siliguri RRB
Trivandrum RRB

Indian Railways Apps

The IR providing the apps for the citizens of India in order to make tatkal booking easy and simple. These apps are most reliable, accurate and also fast. You can download them in Google Store or you can also download here

The following are the Apps of IR:

Short and Quick Notes of Indian Railway

  • Indian Railway Logo resembles the steam engine with the national symbol (Four Lions)
  • The First Electric Train in India is launched in the year 03rd Feb of 1925 which runs between Bombay Victoria Terminus and Kurla on the Harbour Line
  • The Gatimaan Express is the fastest Train which is introduced in the year 2016.

Important Details of Indian Railway